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vores planer med de forskelige materialer

Cotton

Cotton is a plant that is grown for approx. 80 different countries, of which the largest producers are, among others, the USA, India and China. Organic cotton is picked by hand, while regular/conventional cotton is picked by machine.

After picking, the cotton is wet and dried using hot air. Now the cotton seeds must be sorted from the cotton fiber. This happens in a process known as ginnery. When the fibers and seeds have been sorted out, they must be spun into a yarn, which can then be used to make several different textiles/meter materials, woven, knitted, jersey, etc.

Wool

Wool is a natural fiber that typically comes from sheep. The quality and type of wool is determined by the breed of sheep from which the wool comes. However, it can also be from other fur animals such as llamas and alpacas.

The wool is cut off in one piece without harming the animal. After this, the wool undergoes various treatments, including carding to ensure that the fibers (hairs) lie in the same direction. It gives a good and solid yarn without lumps, which can subsequently be used to make several different textiles, fabrics by the meter, knitwear, etc.

Polyester

Polyester is made from oils and natural gas, and is one of many polymers. Under high temperature and vacuum, polyester granules are made, which are later melted at around 280 degrees and spun out through spinning nozzles, so that it becomes one long filament. You can now use the filament as it is, create a texturization – this means that you create a pattern in the filament, so that it becomes softer and hair-like, for example, or you can cut it into smaller lengths and spin it into a yarn.

Polyester is very good to use together with natural fibres, as it provides most of the properties of the natural fibre, combined with the strength of the polyester

Nylon

Polyamide is also known as nylon. It is the strongest of all synthetic fibers and the only one where it is allowed to call it two names: Polyamide or Nylon. It is made from Nylon 6 or Nylon 6.6 granules, which are melted and then extracted through a small nozzle, just like lyocell, but the difference is that the cooling takes place in cold air.

You now have the option of using the fiber as it is, or you can give it a texturing. This means that, for example, curls are made in the filament so that it resembles the structure of wool. This gives a natural elasticity in the material.

Linen

Linen comes from the linen plant. It is taken from the annual plant, as it gives as smooth and unbranched a stem as possible. After the linen plant has been harvested, the stalk is air-dried in an oven, and then baked. The fibers are now ready to be combed, i.e. go through a chemical process where you sort the different layers of the stem. To make linen, only the inner core is needed.

The fibers are now ready to be spun into a yarn, which can be used to make several different textiles/fabrics, but most often it is used for weaving. The process for flax is relatively complicated and time-consuming. Depending on how fine a material you want, it must go through several processes, as linen itself is a very stiff material.